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Esta é uma lista de notáveis línguas construídas que está em ordem alfabética e divididos em línguas auxiliares, engenharia, e artístico (incluindo fictício), e seus respectivos subgêneros.

Línguas auxiliaresEditar

Línguas auxiliares internacionais são idiomas construídos para fornecer comunicação entre todos os seres humanos, ou uma parte significativa, sem necessariamente substituir línguas nativas.

1800sEditar

Nome da língua ISO Ano da primeira publicação Creator Comments
Solresol 1827François SudreBased on pitch levels sounded with their solfege syllables (a "musical language")
Communicationssprache 1839Joseph SchipferBased on French
Universalglot 1868Jean PirroAn early a posteriori language, predating even Volapük
Volapük vo, vol 1879–1880 Johann Martin Schleyer First to generate international interest in IALs
Esperanto eo, epo 1887 L. L. Zamenhof Easily the most popular auxiliary language ever invented, including tens of thousands of speakers and the only one to date with its own native speakers
Spokil 1887 or 1890Adolph NicolasAn a priori language by a former Volapük advocate
Mundolinco 1888J. BraakmanThe first esperantido
Bolak 1899Léon Bollack Prospered fairly well in its initial years, now almost forgotten

1900sEditar

Language name ISO Year of first
publication
Creator Comments
Idiom Neutral 1902 Waldemar Rosenberger A naturalistic IAL by a former advocate of Volapük
Latino sine Flexione 1903 Giuseppe Peano "Latin without inflections," it replaced Idiom Neutral in 1908
Ro 1904Rev. Edward Powell FosterAn a priori language using categories of knowledge
Ido io, ido 1907 A group of reformist Esperanto speakers The most successful offspring of Esperanto
Adjuvilo 1910Claudius Colas An esperantido some believe was created to cause dissent among Idoists
Occidental ile 1922 Edgar de Wahl A sophisticated naturalistic IAL, also known as Interlingue
Novialnov 1928 Otto Jespersen Another sophisticated naturalistic IAL by a famous Danish linguist
Basic English 1930 Charles Kay Ogden A reduced and simplified form of English, proposed as an international auxiliary language
Sona 1935Kenneth SearightBest known attempt at universality of vocabulary
Esperanto II 1937René de SaussureLast of linguist Saussure's many esperantidos
Mondial 1940sDr. Helge HeimerNaturalistic European language
Glosaigs 1943 Lancelot Hogben, et al. Originally called Interglossa, has a strong Greco-Latin vocabulary
Blissymbolszbl 1949 Charles Bliss An ideographic writing system, with its own grammar and syntax.
Interlinguaia, ina 1951 International Auxiliary Language Association A major effort to develop a common Romance vocabulary
Intal 1956Erich WeferlingAn effort to unite the most common systems of constructed languages
Romanid 1956 Zoltán Magyar A zonal constructed language based on the Romance languages
Lingua sistemfrater 1957Pham Xuan ThaiGreco-Latin vocabulary with southeast Asian grammar
Neo 1961Arturo AlfandariA very terse European language
Babm 1962Rikichi OkamotoNoted for using Latin letters as an abjad
Unilingua 1966Noubar AgapoffAn a priori language with systematic vocabulary, also known as Mirad
Arcaicam Esperantom 1969Manuel Halvelik'Archaic Esperanto', developed for use in Esperanto literature
Afrihiliafh 1970K. A. Kumi AttobrahA pan-African language
Nuwaubic 1970s?Malachi Z. YorkThe language of a black supremacist religious group
Kotavaavk1978Staren FetceyA sophisticated a priori IAL
Uropi 1986Joël LandaisBased on the common Indo-European roots and the common grammatical points of the IE languages
Poliespo 1990s?Nvwtohiyada Idehesdi SequoyahEsperanto grammar with significant Cherokee vocabulary
Europanto 1996Diego MaraniA "linguistic jest" by a European diplomat
Unish 1996Language Research Institute, Sejong UniversityVocabulary from fifteen representative languages
Noxilo 1997Mizta Sentaroa language trying to avoid any regional or ethnic bias
Lingua Franca Novalfn 1998C. George Boeree and othersRomance vocabulary with creole-like grammar
Slovio 1999 Mark Hučko A constructed language based on the Slavic languages and Esperanto grammar

2000sEditar

Language name ISO Year of first
publication
Creator Comments
Mondlango 2002 He Yafu Simple English-Romance language from Asia
Yvle 2005 ahhon A language without verbs and nouns, with a simple yet unambiguous syntax.
Slovianski 2006 Ondrej Rečnik, Gabriel Svoboda, Jan van Steenbergen, Igor Polyakov A naturalistic language based on the Slavic languages
Kah 2006AnonymousAn analytic a priori language designed to be easy to learn and pronounce
Modern Indo-European 2006Carlos Quiles, María Teresa BatallaBased on Proto-Indo-European language
Universal Picture Language 2006 Gilles Dedier A constructed language developed from symbol and image
Sambahsa-Mundialect 2007Olivier SimonMixture of simplified Proto-Indo-European and other languages
Angos 2012Benjamin WoodSimplified worldlang with a strict grammar

Controlled languagesEditar

Controlled languages are natural languages that have in some way been altered to make them simpler, easier to use, or more acceptable to those who do not speak the original language well. Most of these have been based on English.

Visual languagesEditar

Visual languages use symbols or movements in place of the spoken word.

Engineered languagesEditar

Human-usableEditar

Knowledge representationEditar

Predefinição:See also

  • Several well known Knowledge Query and Manipulation Languages have been created from extensive research projects, to represent and query knowledge on computers:
    • Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), a precursor for knowledge representation.
    • Common Logic (CL), an ISO standard derived from KIF.
    • Resource Description Framework (RDF), a language standardized by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) based on the principles of Common Logic, which represents knowledge as a directed graph built from unordered sets of "sentences" (in fact, as relational triples: subject, relation, attribute) using a XML syntax for its interchange format. Each element of the triple can be either a simple value (if its semantic value is not specified outside of the relation using it), or identifiers of objects (such as URIs) that are part of enumeration built from another subset of relational triples. The relations may be open (in which case the attributes are not enumerable) or closed in a finite enumerable set whose elements can be easily represented as objects as well with their own identity participating in many different relations for other parts of the knowledge.
      • UML may be used to describe the sets of relations and rules of inference and processing, and SQL may be used to use them in concrete schemas and compact store formats, but RDF designs its own (semantically more powerful) schema language for handling large sets of knowledge data stored in RDF format.
      • RDF is probably useful only for automated machine processing, but its verbosity and complex (for a human) representation mechanisms and inference rules does not qualify it as a human language except in very limited contexts. It is still a specification with extensive research.
    • Web Ontology Language (OWL), another knowledge representation language standardized by W3C, and derived from Common Logic.
  • CycL
  • The Distributed Language Translation project used a "binary-coded" version of Esperanto as a pivot language between the source language and its translation.
  • Lincos
  • Loom
  • Universal Networking Language (UNL)

Artistic languagesEditar

Languages used in fictionEditar

Poul AndersonEditar

  • Angley, Unglish and Ingliss – three languages spoken respectively in Western Europe, North America and the Pacific in the 29th century world of Poul Anderson's Orion Shall Rise. All derived from present-day English, the three are mutually unintelligible, following 800 years of separate development after a 21st century nuclear war and the extensive absorption of words and grammatical forms from French in the first case, Russian, Chinese and Mongolian in the second, and Polynesian in the third.
  • Anglic, the dominant language of the declining Galactic empire depicted in Poul Anderson's Dominic Flandry series, is descended from present-day English but so changed that only professional historians or linguists can understand English texts.
  • Anglic: unrelated to the above, seen in the Civilization of the Five Galaxies in David Brin's Uplift Trilogies; is descended from modern English, modified to account for the differences in the culture on Earth and its colonies.

J. R. R. TolkienEditar

These are languages created by J. R. R. Tolkien, and are present in his books or derivative works throughout diverse media.

H. G. WellsEditar

LiteratureEditar

Predefinição:Importance-sect

Comic booksEditar

Movies and televisionEditar

Unnamed languagesEditar
  • Riddley Walker, a 1980 novel by Russell Hoban, set in a post-apocalyptic future, is written entirely in a "devolved" form of English.

MusicEditar

PerformanceEditar

  • Grammelot (Cirquish) is a "gibberish" that goes back to the 16th century, used by performers, including those of Cirque du Soleil

GamesEditar

ToysEditar

Internet-basedEditar

Alternative languagesEditar

Micronational languagesEditar

Personal languagesEditar

Language gamesEditar

See alsoEditar

ReferencesEditar


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